All GVI sod is sold by the square foot. It’s always a good plan to add an extra 5% to the total for wastage. Better to have more than not enough to finish the job.
For more complex square footage, it’s best to draw the area and break it down into sections for measurement. Then total the areas measured to determine how many square feet of sod is needed.
|Area of Square or Rectangle
Length x WidthExample:
“B”ase is 10 feet and the “H”eight is 10 feet
10’ x 10′ = 100 square feet
|Area of a Triangle
(Base x Height) Divided by 2Example: “B”ase is 10 feet and the “H”eight (base to point)
is 20 feet then divided by 2.= 10 b x 20 h divided by 2
= 100 square feet
|Area of a Circle
3.14 x Radius Squared (x2)Example: Circles’ radius ( r ) is 10 feet. Multiply the known 3.14
by the radius squared.= 3.14 x 10 X 10
= 3.14 x 100
=314 square feet
Combination Free-Form & breakdown to Forms
Break the free-form area to obvious forms and calculate each form’s area. Once each form is calculated, add the areas together to derive a total area.
1 – 3.14 x R2
2 – b’ x h’
3 – b’ x h’
9 Square Feet = 1 Square Yard
1 Square Foot = .0929 Meters Squared
1 Square Yard = .8361 (or .84) Meters Squared
1 Square Meter = 1.196 (or 1.2) Square Yard
Use our measuring guide and sod calculator to determine how many pallets you need.
2. Soil Preparation
Proper soil preparation saves time and money in the long run. Loosening the soil surface is beneficial for incorporating fertilizer and facilitates quick root growth from your freshly installed sod. Cultivate the area by roto-tilling or spading to a depth of 4-6 inches. Remove all debris such as roots, wood, large clods and such. Complete final grading and smoothing by hand raking or tractor mounted box blade. Be sure to slope soil away from buildings to prevent drainage problems. Roll or water your graded area to settle and firm the surface. This will reveal low areas that require more soil.
3. Installing the Turf
Begin placement of your sod along the longest straight line, such as a driveway or sidewalk and work toward the middle. Snugly fit the edges of your turf against each other. Avoid gaps and overlaps. On sloped areas, install your sod slabs lengthwise and parallel to the slope. Stagger the joints in a checkerboard fashion. After installing the turf, tamp or roll the area to eliminate air pockets and to ensure proper contact between the sod and underlying soil.
Water your new turfgrass immediately. Initially, apply at least 1″ of water so that the soil underneath is very wet. Pull back a corner of sod to verify your watering is penetrating the underlying soil. Make sure that the water is getting to all the areas of your lawn and that no corners or edges are missed by your sprinklers. Weather conditions will dictate the frequency and amount of water to apply. It is critical to keep the underlying soil moist for two weeks or until your turf is well rooted. Frequent and lighter applications of 1″ of water daily should be adequate in the absence of rainfall. As the turf becomes more established, begin deeper, less frequent water applications to promote deeper rooting and hardier turf. Be sure your new grass has enough moisture to survive hot, cold or dry conditions.
5. Keep Off the Grass!
During the first couple of weeks after installation, keep traffic off your newly planted turfgrass as much as possible. Your new grass needs time to firmly knit with the soil. If you have properly watered your grass, it will be moist and soft. Traffic will create indentures and destroy your smooth grade. Do not mow until firmly rooted into the underlying soil.
Your new turfgrass significantly enhances your property value. With proper care it will be a permanent enhancement and provide beauty for years to come. It is preferable to mow regularly removing less grass height as opposed to mowing taller grass less frequently. The proper height in which to mow your turfgrass will depend upon the variety. A good rule of thumb is to not remove more than 1/3 of the grass height in a single mowing. Weed control chemicals should be avoided for at least 3 to 4 weeks following planting. In small areas, weed control can be accomplished by hand pulling.